Puppy Pad wee check !
Check your Guinea Pigs urine by placing them on a puppy pad, in their pet carrier with a little hay and water bottle attached.
Give them a cucumber treat and leave them for a while to see if they wee. Check the puppy pad after for blood stains,smells.You could take this with you to the vets. Some are stubborn to wee so you could also remove their cage friend for a short while, and put puppy pads down in the cage whilst you follow the same steps.
Make sure your Guinea Pig has some pain relief during this time such as metacam and check they are drinking plenty of water.
Your vet may suggest an xray or ultrasound scan to check for the presence of bladder stones and a urine sample.Best way to get this is to cuddle your piggie in plastic tub whilst eating cucumber or lettuce and wait for the wee.Sringe up in a sterile syringe.Dependant on the results they may palpate the bladder to try and remove excess bladder sludge,a mixture of crystals and debris caused by the bladder emptying excess calcium or they may need to perform surgery to remove a stone.
(Bear in mind bleeding does not necessarily mean an infection,we have had piggies with sterile samples,it can be calcium grit / stones causing bleeding and so this needs to be dealt with.Antibiotics may not be required at this stage.Septrin is the drug of choice for bladder infections in Guinea Pigs,ask your vet about this)
Ask your vet for information on Cystaid - Glucosamine product also used in cats which lines the bladder with a protective coating,you can buy this on line and we have seen very good results with our rescue Guinea Pigs.
If surgery is an option,afterwards you will need to house your Guinea Pig indoors with towels and a heat pad - snugglesafe is good brand and microwaveable.
Give regular metacam as prescribed.
Ensure antibotic courses are completed ! Give your Guinea Pig pro-biotics whilst on antibiotics and for two weeks after.This will help protect Gut motility,which can be affected by anti-biotics.You can also give small doses on live yoghurt just wipe around mouth and piggie will lick off.
Occasionally following illness or antibiotictherapy a Guinea Pig needs an injection of metroclopramide to get the gut functioning properly. Your vet can advise you.
Give vit c 10mg / kg whilst on antibiotics to help boost immune system.Drops are ok but tablets ensure you know its been given !! My Guinea Pigs take relevant dose in little piece cabbage or grind up and mix with water and syringe feed.
It can be a lifelong problem so be prepared to check your Guinea Pig on a regular basis and keep up their diet !