New owner advice - What to buy, feed and everything else !!!

Getting ready for your new Guinea Pig !!  What you need to buy !!!

Dont panic the basics are easy..........Read this whole page please.

howard in bag

Hi my name is Howard,i was an unwanted boar taken in by the rescue and my mum Helen adopted me,i now live with Betty and Connie.I love poop bags and have my own page on the web site.

There are lots of things to think about when considering having a lovely Guinea Pig like me,heres my top 10 !!

1:How many Guinea Pigs do you have room for ?? Where do you get your Guinea Pigs from ?

An ideal number for first time owners is a pair of Guinea Pigs either:

A boar pair - male

A sow pair -female

A neutered boar with a sow companion.

Obviously being a rescue and knowing how many unwanted animals there are we always recommend trying to adopt an unwanted pet, but if you do decide to source your Guinea Pigs from a large retail pet store / breeder please take note of the following points:

1:Research the breeder / large retail pet store you are looking to visit.

When you visit a breeder check cleanliness and standard of hutches and other animals they have especially the Guinea Pigs parent / siblings.Be aware that the ring worm(fungal infection) has 2 week incubation period. 

CHECK the sex of the Guinea Pig you are looking to buy,we have had several owners contact us thinking they had been looking after 2 sows for 3 months - only to find little baby faces one morning and infact they had a boar & sow.

If you are having a sow please be aware sows can get pregnant from 4 weeks old,so check with the owner any baby boars were removed at 4 weeks.

At the rescue ALL the cases we have assisted with of young sow pregnancy`s have been from breeder / large retail pet store purchases,who have sold a pregnant sow.

To avoid all of this - Just find out who your local Guinea Pig rescue is and play it safe !!

Please remember the following golden pieces of advice:

1:NEVER buy a single Guinea Pig.They are naturally social animals and its cruel to keep them alone.

Did you know its illegal in Switzerland to keep a Guinea Pig alone !! They dont just make great chocolate.

NEVER buy a baby boar trio from a large pet retailer,despite what they say.It will end in tears, young boars falling out and worse still injuries and vet bills.We deal with this problem all the time !!!!

If you want to buy baby boars PLEASE do your homework on boar behaviour, so you are prepared for possible teenage tantrums.Dont let this put you off,the vast majority of baby boar pairs get through the teenage phase with help from their owners and boars in general are just scrumptious.

Again large retail pet stores dont tend to pass on this advice.The vast majority of calls we get about young boars are from owners who just bought without learning the facts !!

2:Time - How much time do you have to give,its not just cleaning and feeding its playing and cuddling too ??

3:Love - A home is hopefully forever,a Guinea Pig needs to be a family committment, mums and dads please dont get Guinea Pigs unless you want us too.


4:Can you afford it ??

Its not just one off items like hutches and toys its weekly items like, Hay,Vegetables,Dried Food, Medication, Shavings.

Vets fees - Expect to pay from £15to £25 for a consultation, possibly a little more if your vet is an exotic vet (specialised in Guinea Pig care).

Most types of surgery start from £50.You have a legal obligation under the 2006 Animal Welfare Act to seek medical care if i am poorly !!

361 I love grass

My mum has an account at our vets for the rescue and her own piggies, she pays money in to keep our accounts in credit,she says £50 is a good amount to get started and that way an unexpected illness wont be a problem ! Ask your vet its a good way to save and there is very limited insurane available for Guinea Pigs.The only one i know of is Exotic Direct.

People on benefits can use the PDSA.

5:Hutch / indoor cage / C&C GRIDS / Runs for exercise

Pet carrier - To bring us home in and for vet visits.

Also useful as temporary indoor accomodation for poorly piggy.A cat size carrier is an ideal size.

pet carrier

Outdoor cages

 5ft x 2ft hutch for up to 3 Guinea Pigs.


Example of 5ft hutch

There are lots of different types,some with ramps,some with built in runs.It just depends on what space you have and, bear in mind some Guinea Pigs wont use steep ramps,so if you buy a cage or hutch with ramps make sure they are piggy friendly and not just for rabbits.The internet has lots of hutches available with delivery.

Tip: You could close up a ramped cage to make a double hutch ! My mum did this with one we had donated.

Remember if you have an outdoor hutch, you will also need a good cover to keep out draughts.

5FT HUTCH          

Example of  5FT ramp style.

Indoor cages

A minimum 120cm length cage for 2 Guinea pigs.

If you are considering a trio like me and my girls, you would need a minimum 160cm indoor cage.

There are lots of brands availble on the internet,remember always get the biggest you can.

indoor cage 150cm indoor cage

We have a 5ft hutch so that ensures plenty of room for my toys and play tunnel...which i will mention later.During the winter we cant go outdoors as much so my mum has room to make us things to keep us occupied...thats the fun bit.

If you would like Indoor piggies then please only do so if you are a cigarette smoke free home, smoke is no good for our little chests !

You could also consider C & C grids.This is a very adaptable option and you have the fun of designing your own pen. The grids are built around a corex base.Some come with a ramped upper level,which Guinea Pigs seem happy using.There is a new company called C&C Guinea Pig Cages who supply great kits. is a great site to visit with very reasonable prices.

jenny cand c


c and c grids C & C GRID SET UP

A run for the lawn or patio is necessary there are lots of types available. Indoor ones too.

run   apex run  indoor play pen

You can also buy hutches and indoor cages off the internet, places like ebay and preloved,or timber suppliers / manufacturers make them to size so its worth looking around.If you do buy second hand then make sure you disinfect throughly with a product called VIRKON this kills fungal spores which can remain dormant for up to 10 years.

Indoor cages can come with stained bases,the white marks are calcium deposits and easily removed with white vinegar !

My mum lines all our hutches with lino,i have a lovely wooden flooring pattern ! This preserves the wooden floor and is easy to wipe out at cleaning time.You can pick up odd pieces from carpet shops,just ask. Another good way is to buy packs from BQ of adhesive floor panels,they are about £6 and can be easily cut.BM bargains sell packs of 8 for £1.99 my mum is really impressed !!


6:Shavings / Hay / Fleece & Vet bed

Its a matter of preference what you use to deal with our poop and wee ! My mum says there are various opinions but at the end of the day its up to the owner.There is extensive internet opinion on shavings,with relation to chest problems.

My mum has never had any issues with shavings ( note not sawdust thats too dusty) some brands are too dusty, so trialling brands is a good idea.

Cheshire choice bales are great value.

If you have storage space, use good quality shaving bales you can buy from animal feed outlets.

Recommended local suppliers:


B&M - Great selection of small pet products !!

Fab meadow hay and timothy hay. They stock shavings and some treats too.

Home Bargains - They do sell small packs of hay and shavings also cardboard tunnels and fleece cat beds £4.99 ideal for Guinea Pig beds.Betty loves ours,i struggle to get a space !

The Meadows Animal Supplies - Newchapel for bales of  meadow hay, shavings and food.Linda will order what you require.

The Range -Fenton - Great selection of pet products.The prepacked hay is only £3.49 !! and is lovely.Shavings are also good quality.They sell a full range of small animal care & medicinal products and my personal favourite....cardboard tubes.They sell Beaphar small animal mite drops,which are good to keep in ...just in case. They sell science selective and excel nuggets.

Jolleys pet store Congleton -Full range good quality products.

Penparc - Fenton - Full range pet products.They will order what you require.

H.R Lea Oakes -Congleton, animal feeds supplier: Full range of small animal products/ prepacked meadow hay/shavings.Bulk buy.

None of these sell animals, hence my mum recommends them.

bilbo and sam

There are other types such as megazorb and bliss bedding, again its down to preference and cost.

You can use fleece blankets and vet bed for indoor cages and hutches.Again shop around,on the internet and you can buy fleece blankets from places like charity shops, home bargains and dunelm,just cut to size.Put them in a pillow case before you wash,keeps hair out of your washer.


Always line your hutch / indoor cage with a good layer of newspaper.It makes cleaning out so much quicker !!

Hay is vital we need it for our digestion !! so good quality meadow hay is a must.The stringy type is the best, i love to roll around in it,thats a way to play.I dont like pets at home hay.

You can source meadow hay from farms, the internet is a good place to look for suppliers.

Expect to pay £ 4 to £6 for a bale.

greg in hay

Remember you need to clean us out at least twice a week, i dont like a poopy cage !! More frequently in the summer especially if we live outdoors,helps reduce attention from flys.

7:Food / Water equipment

You ideally need a ceramic food bowl, and a water bottle.You can get glass water bottles or plastic either are suitable.You need to clean all bottles and spouts weekly,green water bottles are a no no.Have cotton buds to hand for spouts,as i am a messy drinker and food can get into the spout.Betty dribbles too, so mum sterilises our bottles every month.

We dont have muesli type food, we have nuggets my mum says we cant be selective and she knows we are getting all the goodness and nutrients, shes also mad on recycling and hates waste. 

She recommends:

Mr Johnsons advanced guinea pig food -its a great nugget, jam packed with extras for a healthy gut, joints and immune system.We tested it over couple of months and me and Betty gave it a paws up !!! 

Mum has also listed another couple we have tested and recommended.

mr johnsons food  EXCEL


We need a fresh selection of fresh vegetables every day and ideally need a lower calcium diet - see Bladder stones page !!! Ouch 

We can eat a wide variety of fruit and vegetables this is an example of the kind of weekly menu me and Betty munch on !! I also love herbs,coriander is my favourite

We eat lots of hay every day so you must ensure we have it available all the time in our cages !! Its actually the most important part of a Guinea Pigs digestive system and can lead to health problems if we dont have enough.

belle and diamond

Cafe au piggy - Sample Menu

Mon =Small piece carrot + romaine lettuce leaf each + half apple each

Tue = Large cabbage leaf between us + half pear each + half celery stick each

Wed =Portion cucumber each + portion raw beetroot each + small piece broccoli each

Thurs =Handful ready grass between us + half large pepper (seeds removed) between us + half tomato each

Fri = Small slice yellow melon each ( with skin thats the best bit) + small piece beetroot + handful kale between us

You will notice its quite low calcium to help prevent bladder stones - read the web site page all about that

Check out the vegetable and fruit sheets on the web links page for lots of ideas on fruit and vegetables we can eat.

What menu would you put together ????

You dont need to add vitamin drops to our water, a good diet and nuggets with added Vit C, will give us all we need.

8:Toys and cage items


Betty and me just love playing, especially when our family are out at work,so its great that our mum gets us great toys.Wilkinsons have a great range of small animal products,also places like home bargains and BM bargains.Also check out the internet for Guinea Pig shops.

There are so many to choose from and to give you and idea this is what we have in our cages:

A grass tunnel / house which we can eat and play in !

A snuggle bed which Betty likes to snooze in,its a mini cat basket really.

oliver and cindy Cindy in her snuggle bed

A hay ball hung from a hook in our cage,mum fills it with hay every day,its got a bell on and i love making it ring when i pull hay out.

A wooden gnaw block

A fleece cosy useful for timid Guinea Pigs helps them feel safe when being picked up

piggy cosy

A large wooden bendy bridge,bent into a hidey house - rabbit size - mum covers it with fleece and we can go inside or sit on top

Paper bags filled with hay -we know when mums been to primark !

Cereal boxes and small card board boxes are fun too filled with hay and veggie treats.

Willow hay ball £2.49 from wilkinsons its great to chew

Thats a few ideas to get you started, maybe not the feeding bowl !!!

howard in box


Just like people we get poorly,and you wouldnt wait till you were ill to register with a doctor would you ??

So before we arrive, seek out a Guinea Pig friendly vet and register.

See health sections for recommendations.

10:First aid kit and grooming items.

Please see our health pages for Guinea Pig first aid kit.

groom kit         nail scissors

Example of Grooming kit items available from most good pet suppliers.

Bathing Items

2 plastic bowls

Old towels

Swarfega - For dissolving grease spots.

We recommend Johnsons insecticidal shampoo for small animals or Gorgeous Guinea Pigs mite shampoo.

bath items

Here i am in the bath....i love it !!!

hot tub howard

Guinea Pigs especially those with long hair need regular grooming.

It ensures a shiny healthy coat and provides an opportunity for bonding time.

It gives owners a chance to inspect skin and feet for health problems

marley and jacob